The Art and Science of Aquaria
Family Cichlidae Bonaparte 1835
Family Cichlidae Bonaparte 1835

Checkerboard Cichlid - Dicrossus maculatus
Cichlinae Amatitlania Cichlinae Apistogramma Cichlinae Astronotus Cichlinae Biotoecus Cichlinae Cichlasoma
Cichlinae Cincelichthys Cichlinae Cleithracara Cichlinae Crenicara Cichlinae Crenicichla Cichlinae Cribroheros Cichlinae Dicrossus Cichlinae Geophagus Cichlinae Guianacara Cichlinae Heros Cichlinae Ivanacara Cichlinae Laetacara Cichlinae Maskaheros Cichlinae Mesonauta Cichlinae Mikrogeophagus Cichlinae Nandopsis Cichlinae Nannacara Cichlinae Parachromis Cichlinae Parananochromis Cichlinae Pterophyllum Cichlinae Symphysodon Cichlinae Thorichthys Cichlinae Trichromis Cichlinae Uaru Cichlinae Viejita


Subfamily Cichlinae Bonaparte 1835

For a long time the Cichlinae were what most aquarists thought of in association with the word "Cichlid" - the family that includes the scalare Angelfish, the discus, dwarf cichlids of the genus Apistogramma, Oscars and all those small medium and large cichlids from Rams to Ports to the largest Cichla.

Etroplinae Etroplus
Etroplinae Paretroplus Etroplinae Pseudetroplus


Subfamily Etroplinae Kullander 1998.

Historically one does not associate the Asian subcontinent with cichlid fishes because Cichlids from South America were first to be introduced into the aquarium hobby and were for many years nearly all there was. Other then the odd P. kribensis or the even less common Nannachromis are just about all that came in from Africa as far as cichlids went. The opening up of the Rift lakes due to the jetliner industry caused these rift valley cichlids to increase dramatically in popularity.

So it is perhaps easily forgotten that there are in fact cichlids on the Asian subcontinent- India has two: the green chromide and the orange chromide, both long known to science and aquarists alike. That there are relatives of these in Madagascar was a more recent discovery and in large part due to one man, Dr. Paul Loiselle, the authority on Madagascar fishes.

These appear to be remnants from a time when marine Perciformes got trapped in inland lakes as the oceans dried up. The species of the Etroplinae are found in fresh water while many species are also found in brackish water.

Pseudocrenilabrinae Anomalochromis Pseudocrenilabrinae Astatoreochromis Pseudocrenilabrinae Astatotilapia Pseudocrenilabrinae Benitochromis Pseudocrenilabrinae Callichromus
Pseudocrenilabrinae Chromidotilapia Pseudocrenilabrinae Congochromis Pseudocrenilabrinae Congolapia Pseudocrenilabrinae Ctenochromis Pseudocrenilabrinae Enigmatochromis Pseudocrenilabrinae Gobiocichla Pseudocrenilabrinae Hemichromis Pseudocrenilabrinae Iranocichla Pseudocrenilabrinae Lamprologus Pseudocrenilabrinae Limbochromis Pseudocrenilabrinae Nanochromis Pseudocrenilabrinae Orthochromis Pseudocrenilabrinae Parananochromis Pseudocrenilabrinae Pelvicachromis Pseudocrenilabrinae Pseudocrenilabrus Pseudocrenilabrinae Rift Pseudocrenilabrinae Sarotherodon Pseudocrenilabrinae Schwetzochromis Pseudocrenilabrinae Steatocranus Pseudocrenilabrinae Stomatepia Pseudocrenilabrinae Teleogramma Pseudocrenilabrinae Thoracochromis Pseudocrenilabrinae Tylochromis Pseudocrenilabrinae Wallaceochromis


Subfamily Pseudocrenilabrinae Fowler 1934

A very small number of these have been in the aquarium hobby since around 1900, but it was jet travel then opened up Africa to become a rich source of imports with the interest being split between the marine-like mouthbrooders of the great rift lakes of Africa and the west African dwarf cichlids a group which seems to also include Congo basin fish from Central Africa.

Ptychochrominae Katria Ptychochrominae Oxylapia
Ptychochrominae Paratilapia Ptychochrominae Ptychochromis


Subfamily Ptychochrominae Sparks 2004