Genera of Rainbowfish
Note that the two Madagascan rainbowfish genera are included here as well despite not being in this family, they are instead in the Bedotia because they really don't belong here.
They are included here only for our convenience so we can examine all of them at once.
Recent evidence suggests Cairnsichthys and Rhadinocentrus may be closer to Madagascan Bedotia and Rheocles then they are to other Australian rainbowfish. At a certain point in the plate-formation of the earth Australia and Madagascar were actually next to each other. At this juncture killifish that look like rainbowfish and rainbowfish that look like killifish may not be a coincidence after all.
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Lessons from the first dorsal fin in atheriniforms—A new mode of dorsal fin development and its phylogenetic implications
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Zhu D., B.G.M. Jamieson, A. Hugall and C. Moritz (1994) Sequence evolution and phylogenetic signal in control-region and cytochrome b sequences of rainbowfishes (Melanotaeniidae) in Molecular Biology and Evolution 11: 672-683.