Genera of Rainbowfish

Note that the two Madagascan rainbowfish genera are included here as well despite not being in this family, they are instead in the Bedotia because they really don't belong here.

They are included here only for our convenience so we can examine all of them at once.

Recent evidence suggests Cairnsichthys and Rhadinocentrus may be closer to Madagascan Bedotia and Rheocles then they are to other Australian rainbowfish. At a certain point in the plate-formation of the earth Australia and Madagascar were actually next to each other. At this juncture killifish that look like rainbowfish and rainbowfish that look like killifish may not be a coincidence after all.


bleheri campsii






See also: the rainbowfish site


Allen G. R. (1980) A Generic Classification of the Rainbowfishes (Family Melanotaeniidae). Records of the Western Australian Museum 8 (3): 449-490.

Lessons from the first dorsal fin in atheriniforms—A new mode of dorsal fin development and its phylogenetic implications

Allen G.R. & N.J. Cross (1982) Rainbowfishes of Australia and New Guinea. TFH Publications Inc., New Jersey. USA.

Allen G.R. (1989) Freshwater Fishes of Australia. TFH Publications, Neptune City, New Jersey. USA.

Allen G.R., S.H. Midgley and M. Allen (2002) Freshwater Fishes of Australia. Western Australian Museum, Perth.

Allen G.R. (1991) Field Guide to the Freshwater Fishes of New Guinea. Christensen Research Institute (Madang, Papua New Guinea), Publication 9: 1-268.

IUCN (2009) IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2009.1. Downloaded on 04 September 2009.

Ivantsoff W., P. Unmack, B. Saeed and L.E.L.M. Crowley (1991) A red-finned blue-eye, a new species and genus of the family Pseudomugilidae from central-western Queensland. Fishes of Sahul 6(4): 277-282.

Lundberg J.G., M. Kottelat, G.R. Smith, M.L. J. Stiassny and A.C. Gill (2000) So Many Fishes, So Little Time: An Overview of Recent Ichthyological Discovery in Continental Waters. Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden 87(1): 26-62.

McGuigan K., D. Zhu, G.R. Allen and C. Moritz (2000) Phylogenetic relationships and historical biogeography of melanotaeniid fishes in Australia and New Guinea. Marine and Freshwater Research 52: 713-23.

Moritz C. (1994) Defining "Evolutionarily Significant Units" for conservation. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 9 :373-375.

Report on Biodiversity and Tropical Forests in Indonesia (2004) Prepared for USAID/Indonesia Jl. Medan Merdeka Selatan No. 3-5 Jakarta 10110 Indonesia.

Saeed B., W. Ivantsoff and G. R. Allen (1989) Taxonomic revision of the family Pseudomugilidae (Order Atheriniformes). Australian Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research 40: 719-787.

Unmack P.J. (2001) Biogeography of Australian freshwater fishes. Journal of Biogeography, 28(9): 1053-1089.

Zhu D., B.G.M. Jamieson, A. Hugall and C. Moritz (1994) Sequence evolution and phylogenetic signal in control-region and cytochrome b sequences of rainbowfishes (Melanotaeniidae) in Molecular Biology and Evolution 11: 672-683.